Laravel Sanctum Tutorial Step by Step

Laravel Sanctum Tutorial Step by Step

Laravel Sanctum provides a featherweight authentication system for single page applications, mobile applications, and simple, token based APIs. Sanctum allows each user of your application to generate multiple API tokens for their account. These tokens may be granted abilities / scopes which specify which actions the tokens are allowed to perform.

Installation

composer require laravel/sanctum and composer update

Next, you should publish the Sanctum configuration and migration files using the vendor:publish Artisan command. 

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Laravel\Sanctum\SanctumServiceProvider"
php artisan migrate 

You can also use following sql for creating table, if there is a problem to run migrate command.

CREATE TABLE `personal_access_tokens` (
   `id` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
   `tokenable_type` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
   `tokenable_id` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL,
   `name` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
   `token` varchar(64) NOT NULL,
   `abilities` text DEFAULT NULL,
   `last_used_at` timestamp NULL DEFAULT NULL,
   `created_at` timestamp NULL DEFAULT NULL,
   `updated_at` timestamp NULL DEFAULT NULL,
   PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
   UNIQUE KEY `personal_access_tokens_token_unique` (`token`),
   KEY `personal_access_tokens_tokenable_type_tokenable_id_index` (`tokenable_type`,`tokenable_id`)
 ) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=0 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

Next, if you plan to utilize Sanctum to authenticate an SPA, you should add Sanctum’s middleware to your api middleware group within your application’s app/Http/Kernel.php file:

'api' => [
            'throttle:60,1',
            'bindings',
            \Laravel\Sanctum\Http\Middleware\EnsureFrontendRequestsAreStateful::class,
        ],
Laravel Sanctum Tutorial Step by Step

Download source code

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